Job Guide to Civil Engineers

Civil Engineer JobCivil engineers plan, design, construct, operate and maintain roads, bridges, dams, water supply schemes, sewerage systems, transportation, harbors, canals, dockyards, airports, railways, factories and large buildings.

Civil engineers may perform the following tasks:

  • investigate sites to work out the most suitable foundation for a proposed construction
  • research and advise on the best engineering solution to meet with a client’s needs and budget
  • produce detailed designs and documentation for the construction and implementation of civil engineering projects
  • organise the delivery of materials, plant and equipment needed for the construction project and supervise labour
  • develop detailed programs for the coordination of site activities
  • talk to other engineers, architects, landscape architects and environmental scientists
  • assist government bodies in preparing yearly works programs within set budgets (e.g. for works on car parks, drainage, roads, aerodromes or sewerage)
  • prepare engineering calculations required for the design of projects and supervise the drafting
  • operate computers to assist with the design of civil engineering projects
  • coordinate and direct research development and testing of materials, processes or systems related to civil engineering works
  • research, advise on and plan the control and minimisation of air, water and solid waste pollution, and the management of water
  • supervise the testing and commissioning of completed works
  • analyse and interpret reports on loading, labour, productivity, quality, materials and performance
  • analyse risks associated with natural disasters including wind, earthquake, fire and floods, and design structures and services to meet appropriate standards
  • arrange for geological and geophysical investigations and carry out feasibility studies.